Rxivist combines preprints from bioRxiv with data from Twitter to help you find the papers being discussed in your field. Currently indexing 55,165 bioRxiv papers from 254,492 authors.
Transcription of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) is pervasive, but their functionality is disputed. As a class, lncRNAs show little selective constraint and negligible phenotypic effects upon perturbation. However, key biological roles were demonstrated for individual lncRNAs. Most validated lncRNAs were implicated in gene expression regulation, in pathways related to cellular pluripotency, differentiation and organ morphogenesis, suggesting that functional lncRNAs may be more abundant in embryonic development, rather than in adult organs. Here, we perform a multi-dimensional comparative transcriptomics analysis, across five developmental time-points (two embryonic stages, newborn, adult and aged individuals), four organs (brain, kidney, liver and testes) and three species (mouse, rat and chicken). Overwhelmingly, lncRNAs are preferentially expressed in adult and aged testes, consistent with the presence of permissive transcription during spermatogenesis. LncRNAs are often differentially expressed among developmental stages and are less abundant in embryos and newborns compared to adult individuals, in agreement with a requirement for tighter expression control and less tolerance for noisy transcription early in development. However, lncRNAs expressed during embryonic development show increased levels of evolutionary conservation, both in terms of primary sequence and of expression patterns, and in particular at their promoter regions. We find that species-specific lncRNA transcription is frequent for enhancer-associated loci and occurs in parallel with expression pattern changes for neighboring protein-coding genes. Thus, we show that functionally constrained lncRNA loci are enriched in developing organ transcriptomes, and propose that many of these loci may function in an RNA-independent manner.
- Downloaded 409 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 20,386 out of 55,243
- In evolutionary biology: 1,585 out of 3,821
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 3,689 out of 55,243
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 3,010 out of 55,243
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- Top preprints of 2018
- Paper search
- Author leaderboards
- Overall metrics
- The API
- Email newsletter
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!