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Imaging chromatin interactions at sub-kilobase resolution Via Tn5-FISH

By Xu Zhang, Jing Niu, Guipeng Li, Qionghai Dai, Dayong Jin, Juntao Gao, Michael Q. Zhang

Posted 07 Apr 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/601690

There is increasing interest in understanding how the three-dimensional organization of the genome is regulated. Different strategies have been employed to identify chromatin interactions genome wide. However, due to the current limitations in resolving genomic contacts, visualization and validation of these genomic loci with sub-kilobase resolution remain the bottleneck for many years. Here, we describe Tn5 transposase-based Fluorescence in situ Hybridization (Tn5-FISH), a Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)-based, cost-effective imaging method, which achieved the co-localization of genomic loci with sub-kilobase resolution, to fine dissect genome architecture at sub-kilobase resolution and to verify chromatin interactions detected by Chromatin Configuration Capture (3C)-derivative methods. Especially, Tn5-FISH is very useful to verify short-range chromatin interactions inside of contact domain and Topologically Associated Domain (TAD). It also offers one powerful molecular diagnosis tool for clinical detection of cytogenetic changes in cancers.

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