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Y-chromosome haplogroups from Hun, Avar and conquering Hungarian period nomadic people of the Carpathian Basin

By Endre Neparaczki, Zoltan Maroti, Tibor Kalmar, Kitti Maar, Istvan Nagy, Dora Latinovics, Agnes Kustar, Gyorgy Palfi, Erika Molnar, Antonia Marcsik, Csilla Balogh, Gabor Lorinczy, Szilard Gal, Peter Tomka, Bernadett Kovacsoczy, Laszlo Kovacs, Istvan Rasko, Tibor Torok

Posted 03 Apr 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/597997

Hun, Avar and conquering Hungarian nomadic groups arrived into the Carpathian Basin from the Eurasian Steppes and significantly influenced its political and ethnical landscape. In order to shed light on the genetic affinity of above groups we have determined Y chromosomal haplogroups and autosomal loci, from 49 individuals, supposed to represent military leaders. Haplogroups from the Hun-age are consistent with Xiongnu ancestry of European Huns. Most of the Avar-age individuals carry east Eurasian Y haplogroups typical for modern north-eastern Siberian and Buryat populations and their autosomal loci indicate mostly unmixed Asian characteristics. In contrast the conquering Hungarians seem to be a recently assembled population incorporating pure European, Asian and admixed components. Their heterogeneous paternal and maternal lineages indicate similar phylogeographic origin of males and females, derived from Central-Inner Asian and European Pontic Steppe sources. Composition of conquering Hungarian paternal lineages is very similar to that of Baskhirs, supporting historical sources that report identity of the two groups.

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