CDC6 regulates both G2/M transition and metaphase-to-anaphase transition during the first meiosis of mouse oocytes
Posted 23 Mar 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/587238 (published DOI: 10.1002/jcp.29469)
Posted 23 Mar 2019
Cell division cycle protein CDC6 is essential for the initiation of DNA replication. CDC6 was recently shown to inhibit the microtubule-organizing activity of the centrosome. Here, we show that CDC6 is localized to the spindle from Pro-MI to MII stages of oocytes, and it plays important roles at two critical steps of oocyte meiotic maturation. CDC6 depletion facilitated the G2/M transition (GV breakdown, GVBD) through regulation of Cdh1 and cyclin B1 expression and CDK1 phosphorylation in a GVBD-inhibiting culture system containing milrinone. Furthermore, GVBD was significantly decreased after knockdown of cyclin B1 in CDC6-depleted oocytes, indicating that the effect of CDC6 loss on GVBD stimulation was mediated, at least in part, by raising cyclin B1. Knockdown of CDC6 also caused abnormal localization of γ-tubulin, resulting in defective spindles, misaligned chromosomes, cyclin B1 accumulation and spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) activation, leading to significant Pro-MI/MI arrest and PB1 extrusion failure. These phenotypes were also confirmed by time-lapse live cell imaging analysis. The results indicate that CDC6 is indispensable for maintaining G2 arrest of meiosis and functions in G2/M checkpoint regulation in mouse oocytes. Moreover, CDC6 is also a key player regulating meiotic spindle assembly and metaphase-to-anaphase transition in meiotic oocytes.
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