Rxivist logo

Neuronal programming by microbiota enables environmental regulation of intestinal motility

By Yuuki Obata, Stefan Boeing, Álvaro Castaño, Ana Carina Bon-Frauches, Mercedes Gomez de Agüero, Werend Boesmans, Bahtiyar Yilmaz, Rita Lopes, Almaz Huseynova, Muralidhara Rao Maradana, Pieter Vanden Berghe, Andrew J Murray, Brigitta Stockinger, Andrew J. Macpherson, Vassilis Pachnis

Posted 15 Mar 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/579250 (published DOI: 10.1038/s41586-020-1975-8)

Environmental signals modulate the activity of the nervous system and harmonize its output with the outside world. Synaptic activity is crucial for integrating sensory and effector neural pathways but the role of transcriptional mechanisms as environmental sensors in the nervous system remains unclear. By combining a novel strategy for transcriptomic profiling of enteric neurons with microbiota manipulation, we demonstrate that the transcriptional programs of intestinal neural circuits depend on their anatomical and physiological context. We also identify the ligand-dependent transcription factor Aryl hydrocarbon Receptor (AhR) is an intrinsic regulator of enteric nervous system output. AhR is instated as a neuronal biosensor in response to microbiota colonization allowing resident enteric neurons to directly monitor and respond to the intestinal microenvironment. We suggest that AhR signaling integrates neuronal activity with host defence mechanisms towards gut homeostasis and health.

Download data

  • Downloaded 1,661 times
  • Download rankings, all-time:
    • Site-wide: 5,644 out of 100,745
    • In neuroscience: 822 out of 17,945
  • Year to date:
    • Site-wide: 6,739 out of 100,745
  • Since beginning of last month:
    • Site-wide: 18,200 out of 100,745

Altmetric data

Downloads over time

Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide


Sign up for the Rxivist weekly newsletter! (Click here for more details.)


  • 20 Oct 2020: Support for sorting preprints using Twitter activity has been removed, at least temporarily, until a new source of social media activity data becomes available.
  • 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
  • 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
  • 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
  • 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
  • 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
  • 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
  • 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
  • 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!