Rxivist combines preprints from bioRxiv with data from Twitter to help you find the papers being discussed in your field. Currently indexing 57,349 bioRxiv papers from 264,093 authors.
Cross-disorder genetic analyses implicate dopaminergic signaling as a biological link between Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and obesity measures
Nina Roth Mota,
Posted 11 Mar 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/573808
Posted 11 Mar 2019
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is frequently comorbid with other psychiatric disorders and also with somatic conditions, such as obesity. In addition to the clinical overlap, significant genetic correlations have been found between ADHD and obesity as well as body mass index (BMI). The biological mechanisms driving this association are largely unknown, but some candidate systems, like dopaminergic neurotransmission and circadian rhythm, have been suggested. Our aim was to identify the biological mechanisms underpinning the link between ADHD and obesity measures. Using the largest GWAS summary statistics currently available for ADHD (N=53,293), BMI (N=681,275), and obesity (N=98,697), we first tested the association of dopaminergic and circadian rhythm gene sets with each phenotype. This hypothesis-driven approach showed that the dopaminergic gene set was associated with both ADHD (P=5.81x10-3) and BMI (P=1.63x10-5), while the circadian rhythm gene set was associated with BMI only (P=1.28x10-3). We then took a data-driven approach by conducting genome-wide ADHD-BMI and ADHD-obesity gene-based meta-analyses, followed by pathway enrichment analyses. This approach further supported the implication of dopaminergic signaling in the link between ADHD and obesity measures, as the Dopamine-DARPP32 Feedback in cAMP Signaling pathway was significantly enriched in both the ADHD-BMI and ADHD-obesity gene-based meta-analysis results. Our findings suggest that dopaminergic neurotransmission, partially through DARPP-32-dependent signaling, is a key player underlying the genetic overlap between ADHD and obesity measures. Uncovering the shared etiological factors underlying the frequently observed ADHD-obesity comorbidity may have important implications in terms of preventive interventions and/or efficient treatment of these conditions.
- Downloaded 157 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 45,163 out of 57,381
- In genetics: 2,737 out of 3,275
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 20,146 out of 57,381
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 43,935 out of 57,381
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- Top preprints of 2018
- Paper search
- Author leaderboards
- Overall metrics
- The API
- Email newsletter
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!