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Changes in the Physicochemical Properties and Microbial Communities of Rhizospheric Soil after Cassava/Peanut Intercropping

By Xiumei Tang, Saiyun Luo, Zhipeng Huang, Haining Wu, Jin Wang, Guoying Shi, Liangqiong He, Faqian Xiong, Jing Jiang, Jing Liu, Guojian Liao, Ronghua Tang, Longfei He

Posted 07 Mar 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/570937

Cassava/peanut intercropping is a popular cultivation method in southern China and has the advantages of apparently increased yield and economic efficiency compared with monoculture, however, the ecological benefits of this method are poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate the effects of intercropping on the physicochemical properties and microbial community structures of soil. Field trials were performed to determine the effects of cassava/peanut intercropping on rhizospheric soil nutrient content, enzyme activities, microbial quantity and microbial community structure. The microbial community was characterized by 16S rRNA tag-based high-throughput sequencing on the Illumina MiSeq platform. Results showed that cassava/peanut intercropping could improve the physicochemical properties of rhizospheric soil by increasing the available nutrient content, pH, bacterial quantity, and some enzyme activities and by altering the microbial community structure. 16S rRNA gene sequencing demonstrated that the microbial community structure varied between the intercropping and monoculture systems. Nitrospirae, Verrucomicrobia and Gemmatimonadetes were more abundant in the intercropping system than in the monocultures. Redundancy analysis (RDA) revealed that the abundances of DA101, Pilimelia and Ramlibacter were positively correlated with environmental parameters such as available nitrogen and pH, and these were dominant genera in the rhizospheric soil of the intercropped peanut plants.

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