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LonP1 Orchestrates UPRmt and UPRER and Mitochondrial Dynamics to Regulate Heart Function

By Bin Lu, Fugen Shangguan, Dawei Huang, Shiwei Gong, Yingchao Shi, Zhiying Song, Lianqun Jia, Juan Xu, Chaojun Yan, Tongke Chen, Mingjie Xu, Yujie Li, Shengnan Han, Nan Song, Pingyi Chen, Lu Wang, Yongzhang Liu, Xingxu Huang, Carolyn K. Suzuki, Zhongzhou Yang, Guanlin Yang

Posted 01 Mar 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/564492

Protein quality control is pivotal to cellular homeostasis and integrity of cardiomyocytes for maintenance of normal heart function. The unfolded protein response (UPR) is an adaptive process to modulate protein quality control in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondria, and is accordingly termed UPRER and UPRmt, respectively. Lon protease (LonP1) is a highly conserved mitochondrial protease to modulate UPRmt, which is involved in regulating metabolism, mitophagy, and stress response. However, whether LonP1 regulates UPRER remains elusive. To investigate the regulation of protein quality control in cardiomyocytes, we generated cardiac-specific LonP1 deletion mice. Our findings show that LonP1 deficiency caused impaired mitochondrial respiratory function and fragmentation. Surprisingly, both UPRER and UPRmt is substantially induced in LonP1-deletion heart suggesting of LonP1 as a novel regulator of UPRER; however, the activation of UPRER occurs earlier than UPRmt in response to LonP1 deletion. Consequently, cardiac-specific LonP1 deficiency causes aberrant metabolic reprogramming of cardiomyocytes, pathological heart remodeling, as well as impeded heart function. Thus, we uncovered the novel function of LonP1 as an UPRmt mediator, and reciprocal orchestration of UPRmt and UPRER and mitochondrial dynamics regulated by LonP1 in the cardiomyocytes that is critical to maintain heart function, which offers exciting new insights into the potential therapeutic strategy for heart failure.

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