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Quantitative proteomic profiling of tumor-associated vascular endothelial cells in colorectal cancer

By Guoqiang Wang, Qiongzhi Yang, Maoyu Li, Ye Zhang, Yu-xiang Cai, Xujun Liang, Ying Fu, Zhefeng Xiao, Minze Zhou, Zhongpeng Xie, Huichao Huang, Yahui Huang, Yongheng Chen, Qiongqiong He, Fang Peng, Zhuchu Chen

Posted 26 Feb 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/561555 (published DOI: 10.1242/bio.042838)

To investigate the global proteomic profiles of vascular endothelial cells (VECs) in the tumor microenvironment and antiangiogenic therapy for colorectal cancer (CRC), matched pairs of normal (NVECs) and tumor-associated VECs (TVECs) were purified from CRC tissues by laser capture microdissection and subjected to iTRAQ based quantitative proteomics analysis. Here, 216 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified and performed bioinformatics analysis. Interestingly, these proteins were implicated in epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT), ECM-receptor interaction, focal adhesion, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, angiogenesis and HIF-1 signaling pathway, which may play important roles in CRC angiogenesis. Among these DEPs, Tenascin-C (TNC) was found to upregulated in the TVECs of CRC and be correlate with CRC multistage carcinogenesis and metastasis. Furthermore, the reduction of tumor-derived TNC could attenuate human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) proliferation, migration and tube formation through ITGB3/FAK/Akt signaling pathway. Based on the present work, we provided a large-scale proteomic profiling of VECs in CRC with quantitative information, a certain number of potential antiangiogenic targets and a novel vision in the angiogenesis bio-mechanism of CRC.

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