White Matter Hyperintensity Quantification in Large-Scale Clinical Acute Ischemic Stroke Cohorts - The MRI-GENIE Study
Markus D. Schirmer,
Adrian V. Dalca,
Kathleen L Donahue,
Marco J Nardin,
Steven J. T. Mocking,
Elissa C McIntosh,
John W Cole,
Arne G Lindgren,
James F Meschia,
Ralph L Sacco,
Steven J. Kittner,
Patrick F. McArdle,
Braxton D Mitchell,
Bradford B. Worrall,
Natalia S Rost,
on behalf of the MRI-GENIE Investigators
Posted 18 Feb 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/552844 (published DOI: 10.1016/j.nicl.2019.101884)
Posted 18 Feb 2019
White matter hyperintensity (WMH) burden is a critically important cerebrovascular phenotype linked to prediction of diagnosis and prognosis of diseases, such as acute ischemic stroke (AIS). However, current approaches to its quantification on clinical MRI often rely on time intensive manual delineation of the disease on T2 fluid attenuated inverse recovery (FLAIR), which hinders high-throughput analyses such as genetic discovery. In this work, we present a fully automated pipeline for quantification of WMH in clinical large-scale studies of AIS. The pipeline incorporates automated brain extraction, intensity normalization and WMH segmentation using spatial priors. We first propose a brain extraction algorithm based on a fully convolutional deep learning architecture, specifically designed for clinical FLAIR images. We demonstrate that our method for brain extraction outperforms two commonly used and publicly available methods on clinical quality images in a set of 144 subject scans across 12 acquisition centers, based on dice coefficient (median 0.95; inter-quartile range 0.94-0.95) and Pearson correlation of total brain volume (r=0.90). Subsequently, we apply it to the large-scale clinical multi-site MRI-GENIE study (N=2783) and identify a decrease in total brain volume of -2.4cc/year. Additionally, we show that the resulting total brain volumes can successfully be used for quality control of image preprocessing. Finally, we obtain WMH volumes by building on an existing automatic WMH segmentation algorithm that delineates and distinguishes between different cerebrovascular pathologies. The learning method mimics expert knowledge of the spatial distribution of the WMH burden using a convolutional auto-encoder. This enables successful computation of WMH volumes of 2,533 clinical AIS patients. We utilize these results to demonstrate the increase of WMH burden with age (0.950 cc/year) and show that single site estimates can be biased by the number of subjects recruited.
- Downloaded 432 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 78,042
- In neuroscience: 11,491
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 127,170
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 147,672
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!