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TNFR2 induced priming of NLRP3-inflammasome via RIPK1 leads to pyroptosis in XIAP deficient cells

By Janin Knop, Lisanne M Spilgies, Stefanie Rufli, Ramona Reinhart, Lazaros Vasilikos, Monica Yabal, Philipp J Jost, Harald Wajant, Mark D Robinson, Thomas Kaufmann, W. Wei-Lynn Wong

Posted 15 Feb 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/550749 (published DOI: 10.1038/s41419-019-1938-x)

Recent data suggests that LPS stimulation can trigger inflammasome activation through a TNFR2/TNF/TNFR1 mediated loop in xiap-/- macrophages. Yet, the direct role TNFR2-specific activation plays in the absence of XIAP is unknown. We found TNFR2-specific activation lead to cell death in xiap-/- myeloid cells, particularly in the absence the RING domain. RIPK1/TAK1 kinase activity downstream of TNFR2 resulted in a TNF/TNFR1 cell death independent of necroptosis. TNFR2-specific activation lead to a similar inflammatory NF-kB driven transcriptional profile as TNFR1 activation with the exception of up-regulation of NLRP3 and caspase-11. Activation and up-regulation of the canonical inflammasome was mediated by RIPK1 kinase activity and ROS production. While both RIPK1 kinase activity and ROS production reduced cell death as well as release of IL-1β, the release of IL-18 was not reduced to basal levels. This study supports, targeting TNFR2 specifically to reduce IL-18 release in XIAP deficient (XLP-2) patients.

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