Characterization of single gene copy number variants in schizophrenia
Jin P Szatkiewicz,
Randal J Nonneman,
Jessica S Johnson,
Eli A. Stahl,
Patrick F Sullivan,
Shaun M Purcell,
James J Crowley,
Douglas M. Ruderfer
Posted 15 Feb 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/550863 (published DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2019.09.023)
Posted 15 Feb 2019
Genetic studies of schizophrenia (SCZ) have now implicated numerous genomic loci that contribute to risk including several copy number variants (CNV) of large effect and hundreds of associated loci of small effect. However, in only a few cases has a specific gene been clearly identified. Rare CNV that affect only a single gene offer a potential avenue to discovering specific SCZ risk genes. Here, we use CNV generated from exome-sequencing of 4,913 SCZ cases and 6,188 controls in a homogenous Swedish cohort to assess the contribution of single-gene deletions and duplications to SCZ risk. As previously seen, we found an excess of rare deletions (p = 0.0004) and duplications (p = 0.0006) in SCZ cases compared to controls. When limiting to only single-gene CNV we identified nominally significant excess of deletions (p = 0.04) and duplications (p = 0.03). In an effort to increase the number of single-gene CNV, we reduced strict filtering criteria but required support from two independent CNV calling methods to create an expanded set that showed a significant burden of deletions in 11 out of 22 gene sets previously implicated in SCZ and in the combined set of genes across those sets (p = 0.008). Finally, for the significantly enriched set of voltage-gated calcium channels, we performed an extensive validation of all deletions generated from exome-sequencing as well as any deletion with evidence from previously analyzed genotyping arrays. In total, 4 exonic, single-gene deletions validated in cases and none in controls (p = 0.039), of which all were identified by exome-sequencing. Broadly, these results point to the potential contribution of single-gene CNV to SCZ and the added value of a deeper dive into CNV calls from exome-sequencing.
- Downloaded 371 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 36,539 out of 77,888
- In genetics: 2,202 out of 4,199
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 48,937 out of 77,888
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 62,007 out of 77,888
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!