The regulatory factor ELF1 triggers a critical wave of transcription in the antiviral response to type I interferon
Leon Louis Seifert,
Maren de Vries,
Brad R. Rosenberg,
Posted 14 Feb 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/549485
Posted 14 Feb 2019
The transcription of interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs) is classically triggered via activation of the JAK-STAT pathway, and together, ISGs raise a multifaceted antiviral barrier. An increasing body of evidence reports the existence of additional, non-canonical pathways and transcription factors that coordinate ISG expression. Detailed knowledge of how heterogenous mechanisms regulate ISG expression is crucial for the rational design of drugs targeting the type I interferon response. Here, we characterize the first ETS transcription factor family member as a regulator of non-canonical ISG expression: E74-like ETS transcription factor 1 (ELF1). Using high-content microscopy to quantify viral infection over time, we found that ELF1, itself an ISG, inhibits eight diverse RNA and DNA viruses uniquely at multi-cycle replication. ELF1 did not regulate expression of type I or II interferons, and ELF1's antiviral effect was not abolished by the absence of STAT1 or by inhibition of JAK phosphorylation. Accordingly, comparative expression analyses by RNAseq revealed that the ELF1 transcriptional program is distinct from, and delayed with respect to, the immediate interferon response. Finally, knockdown experiments demonstrated that ELF1 is a critical component of the antiviral interferon response in vitro and in vivo. Our findings reveal a previously overlooked mechanism of non-canonical ISG regulation that both amplifies and prolongs the initial interferon response by expressing broadly antiviral restriction factors.
- Downloaded 719 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 27,516 out of 119,003
- In immunology: 715 out of 3,339
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 57,873 out of 119,003
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 46,065 out of 119,003
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!