Strain-level differences in gut microbiome composition determine fecal IgA levels and are modifiable by gut microbiota manipulation
Eduardo J. Contijoch,
Joshua N. Borgerding,
Sophia Y Siu,
Emilie K. Grasset,
Drew S. Helmus,
Marla C Dubinsky,
Lishomwa C. Ndhlovu,
Jeremiah J Faith
Posted 13 Feb 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/544015
Posted 13 Feb 2019
Fecal IgA production depends on colonization by a gut microbiota. However, the bacterial strains that drive gut IgA production remain largely unknown. By accessing the IgA-inducing capacity of a diverse set of human gut microbial strains, we identified Bacteroides ovatus as the species that best induced gut IgA production. However, this induction varied bimodally across different B. ovatus strains. The high IgA-inducing B. ovatus strains preferentially elicited more IgA production in the large intestine largely through the T-cell-dependent B cell-activation pathway. Remarkably, a low-IgA phenotype in mice could be robustly and consistently converted into a high-IgA phenotype by transplanting a multiplex cocktail of high IgA-inducing B. ovatus strains but not individual ones. Our results highlight the critical importance of microbial strains in driving phenotype variation in the mucosal immune system and provide a strategy to robustly modify a gut immune phenotype, including IgA production.
- Downloaded 1,512 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 14,147
- In immunology: 474
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 42,118
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 54,202
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!