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Structural insight into the mechanism of neuraminidase inhibitor-resistant mutations in human-infecting H10N8 Influenza A virus

By Babayemi O. Oladejo, Yuhai Bi, Christopher J. Vavricka, Chunrui Li, Yan Chai, Kun Xu, Liqiang Li, Zhe Lu, Jiandong Li, Gary Wong, Sankar Mohan, B. Mario Pinto, Haihai Jiang, Jianxun Qi, George Fu Gao, Po Tien, Yan Wu

Posted 26 Jul 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/378075

The emergence of drug resistance in avian influenza virus (AIV) is a serious concern for public health. Neuraminidase (NA) isolated from a fatal case of avian-origin H10N8 influenza virus infection was found to carry a drug-resistant mutation, NA-Arg292Lys (291 in N8 numbering). In order to understand the full potential of H10N8 drug resistance, the virus was first passaged in the presence of the most commonly used neuraminidase inhibitors (NAIs), oseltamivir and zanamivir. As expected, the Arg292Lys substitution was detected after oseltamivir treatment, however a novel Val116Asp substitution (114 in N8 numbering) was selected by zanamivir treatment. Next generation sequencing (NGS) confirmed that the mutations arose early (after passages 1-3) and became dominant in the presence of the NAI inhibitors. Extensive crystallographic studies revealed that N8-Arg292Lys resistance results mainly from loss of interactions with the inhibitor carboxylate, while rotation of Glu276 was not impaired as observed in the N9-Arg292Lys, a group 2 NA structure. In the case of Val116Asp, the binding mode between oseltamivir and zanamivir is different. Asp151 forms stabilized hydrogen bond to guanidine group of zanamivir, which may compensate the resistance caused by Val116Asp. By contrast, the amino group of oseltamivir is too short to maintain this hydrogen bond, which result in resistant. Moreover, the oseltamivir-zanamivir hybrid inhibitor MS-257 displays higher effectiveness to Val116Asp than oseltamivir, which support this notion.

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