Mechanism of electroneutral sodium/proton antiporter from transition-path shooting
Posted 03 Feb 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/538777 (published DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-09739-0)
Posted 03 Feb 2019
Na+/H+ antiporters exchange sodium ions (Na+) and protons (H+) on opposite sides of lipid membranes, using the gradient of one ion to drive the uphill transport of the other. The electroneutral Na+/H+ antiporter NhaP from archaea Pyrococcus abyssi (PaNhaP) is a functional homolog of the human Na+/H+ exchanger NHE1, which is an important drug target. Here we resolve the Na+ and H+ transport cycle of PaNhaP in continuous and unbiased molecular dynamics trajectories that cover the entire transport cycle. We overcome the enormous time-scale gap between seconds-scale ion exchange and microseconds simulations by transition-path shooting. In this way, we selectively capture the rare events in which the six-helix-bundle transporter domain spontaneously moves up and down to shuttle protons and ions across the membrane. The simulations reveal two hydrophobic gates above and below the ion-binding sites that open and close in response to the bundle motion. Weakening the outside gate by mutagenesis makes the transporter faster, suggesting that the gate balances competing demands of fidelity and efficiency. Transition-path sampling and a committor-based reaction coordinate optimization identify the essential motions and interactions that realize conformational alternation between the two access states in transporter function.
- Downloaded 287 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 58,473 out of 94,912
- In biophysics: 2,487 out of 4,144
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 79,012 out of 94,912
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 73,722 out of 94,912
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!