Glycogen is conventionally viewed as a transient energy reserve that can be rapidly synthesized for glucose accumulation or mobilized for ATP production and blood glucose homeostasis in higher organisms. However, this understanding is not completely applicable to prokaryotes due to glycogen structural heterogeneity. A number of studies have noted that glycogen with short average chain length gc in bacteria has the potential to degrade slowly, which might prolong bacterial survival in the environment and thus enhance potential for transmission to new hosts. This phenomenon has been examined over the past few years and called the durable energy storage mechanism hypothesis (DESM). In this updated bibliography, we summarize recent progress and provide a mathematical model of glycogen as a durable energy reserve.
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