Global variability of the human IgG glycome
Marijana Peričić Salihović,
Leigh Anne Eller,
Merlin L. Robb,
James F Wilson,
Posted 01 Feb 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/535237 (published DOI: 10.18632/aging.103884)
Posted 01 Feb 2019
Immunoglobulin G (IgG) is the most abundant serum antibody and is a key determinant of humoral immune response. Its structural characteristics and effector functions are modulated through the attachment of various sugar moieties called glycans. IgG N-glycome patterns change with the age of individual and in different diseases. Variability of IgG glycosylation within a population is well studied and is affected by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. However, global inter-population differences in IgG glycosylation have never been properly addressed. Here we present population-specific N-glycosylation patterns of whole IgG, analysed in 5 different populations totalling 10,482 IgG glycomes, and of IgG fragment crystallisable region (Fc), analysed in 2,530 samples from 27 populations sampled across the world. We observed that country of residence associates with many N-glycan features and is a strong predictor of monogalactosylation variability. IgG galactosylation also strongly correlated with the development level of a country, defined by United Nations health and socioeconomic development indicators. We found that subjects from developing countries had low IgG galactosylation levels, characteristic for inflammation and ageing. Our results suggest that citizens of developing countries may be exposed to country-specific environmental factors that can cause low-grade chronic inflammation and the apparent increase in biological age.
- Downloaded 552 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 48,257
- In biochemistry: 1,249
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 88,890
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 79,802
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!