Rxivist combines preprints from bioRxiv with data from Twitter to help you find the papers being discussed in your field. Currently indexing 62,719 bioRxiv papers from 278,291 authors.
Lifelong genetically lowered sclerostin and risk of cardiovascular disease.
Jenny C Censin,
Sara L Pulit,
Craig A Glastonbury,
Iona Y. Millwood,
Cecilia M Lindgren,
Michael V Holmes
Posted 01 Feb 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/531004
Posted 01 Feb 2019
Background: Inhibition of sclerostin is a novel therapeutic approach to lowering fracture risk. However, phase III randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of romosozumab, a monoclonal antibody that inhibits sclerostin, suggest an imbalance of serious cardiovascular events. Methods: We used two independent genetic variants (rs7209826 and rs188810925) in SOST (encoding sclerostin) associated with bone mineral density (BMD) as proxies for therapeutic inhibition of sclerostin. We estimated the effects on risk of osteoporosis, fracture, coronary heart disease (CHD) and a further 22 cardiometabolic risk factors and diseases, by combining data from up to 478,967 participants of European ancestry from three prospective cohorts and up to 1,030,836 participants from nine GWAS consortia. In addition, we performed meta-analyses of cardiovascular outcome data from phase III RCTs of romosozumab. Results: Meta-analysis of RCTs identified a higher risk of cardiac ischemic events in patients randomised to romosozumab (25 events among 4,298 individuals; odds ratio [OR] 2.98; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.18 to 7.55; P=0.017). Scaled to the equivalent dose of romosozumab (210mg/month; 0.09 g/cm2 higher BMD), the SOST variants associated with lower risk of fracture (OR, 0.59; 95% CI, 0.54-0.66; P= 1.4x10-24), and osteoporosis (OR, 0.43; 95% CI, 0.36-0.52; P=2.4x10-18). The SOST variants associated with higher risk of myocardial infarction and/or coronary revascularisation (69,649 cases; OR, 1.18; 95% CI, 1.06-1.32; P=0.003) and type 2 diabetes (OR 1.15; 95% CI, 1.05-1.27; P=0.003), higher systolic blood pressure (1.3mmHg; 95% CI 0.8-1.9; P=5.9x10-6) and waist-to-hip-ratio adjusted for BMI (0.05 SDs; 95% CI, 0.02 to 0.08; P=8.5x10-4). Conclusion: Genetically and therapeutically lowered sclerostin leads to higher risk of cardiovascular events. Rigorous evaluation of the cardiovascular safety of romosozumab and other sclerostin inhibitors is warranted.
- Downloaded 758 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 10,866 out of 62,719
- In genetics: 780 out of 3,561
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 2,376 out of 62,719
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 8,605 out of 62,719
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- Top preprints of 2018
- Paper search
- Author leaderboards
- Overall metrics
- The API
- Email newsletter
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!