Subcortical Shape Alterations in Major Depressive Disorder: Findings from the ENIGMA Major Depressive Disorder Working Group
Tiffany C. Ho,
Hans J. Grabe,
Dick J Veltman,
Ian H. Gotlib,
Matthew D. Sacchet,
Nynke A. Groenewold,
Dan J. Stein,
Paul M. Thompson,
Philipp G. Sämann,
Posted 01 Feb 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/534370 (published DOI: 10.1002/hbm.24988)
Posted 01 Feb 2019
Alterations in regional subcortical brain volumes have been widely investigated as part of the efforts of an international consortium, ENIGMA, to determine reliable structural brain signatures for Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). Given that subcortical structures are comprised of distinct subfields, we sought to build significantly from prior work to precisely map localized MDD-related differences in subcortical regions using shape analysis. In this meta-analysis of subcortical shape from the ENIGMA-MDD working group, we compared 1,781 patients with MDD and 2,953 healthy controls (CTL) on individual measures of shape metrics (thickness and surface area) on the surface of seven bilateral subcortical structures: nucleus accumbens, amygdala, caudate, hippocampus, pallidum, putamen, and thalamus. Harmonized data processing and statistical analyses were conducted locally at each site, and findings were aggregated by meta-analysis. Relative to CTL, patients with MDD had lower surface area in the subiculum of the hippocampus, the basolateral amygdala, and the nucleus accumbens shell. Relative to CTL, patients with adolescent-onset MDD (≤ 21 years) had lower thickness and surface area of the subiculum of the hippocampus and the basolateral amygdala. Relative to first-episode MDD, recurrent MDD patients had lower thickness and surface area in the CA1 of the hippocampus and the basolateral amygdala. Our results suggest that previously reported MDD-associated volumetric differences may be localized to specific subfields of these structures that have been shown to be sensitive to the effects of stress, with important implications for mapping treatments to patients based on specific neural targets and key clinical features.
- Downloaded 374 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 45,448 out of 93,322
- In neuroscience: 7,914 out of 16,604
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 60,664 out of 93,322
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 81,747 out of 93,322
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!