Quality of Whole Genome Sequencing from Blood versus Saliva Derived DNA in Cardiac Patients
Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) is becoming an increasingly important tool for detecting genomic variation. Blood derived DNA is the current standard for WGS for research or clinical purposes. We compared the level of microbial contamination, sequencing coverage, as well as yield and concordance of single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and copy number variant (CNV) calls in WGS from paired blood and saliva samples from 5 pediatric heart disease patients. We found that although saliva samples contained a higher proportion of sequence reads that map to the human oral microbiome, these reads were readily excluded by mapping the reads to the human reference genome. Sequencing coverage was low only in 1 of 5 saliva samples. Over 95% SNPs (including rare SNPs) but <80% CNVs called in blood genomes were detected in paired saliva genomes. These findings suggest that most good quality saliva samples can serve as an alternative to blood samples for detection of sequence variants from WGS in cardiovascular disease patients.
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