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Fine-mapping of 150 breast cancer risk regions identifies 178 high confidence target genes

By Laura Fachal, Hugues Aschard, Jonathan Beesley, Daniel R. Barnes, Jamie Allen, Siddhartha Kar, Karen A. Pooley, Joe Dennis, Kyriaki Michailidou, Constance Turman, Penny Soucy, Audrey Lemaçon, Michael Lush, Jonathan P. Tyrer, Maya Ghoussaini, Mahdi Moradi Marjaneh, Xia Jiang, Simona Agata, Kristiina Aittomäki, M. Rosario Alonso, Irene L. Andrulis, Hoda Anton-Culver, Natalia N. Antonenkova, Adalgeir Arason, Volker Arndt, Kristan J. Aronson, Banu K. Arun, Bernd Auber, Paul L. Auer, Jacopo Azzollini, Judith Balmaña, Rosa B. Barkardottir, Daniel Barrowdale, Alicia Beeghly-Fadiel, Javier Benitez, Marina Bermisheva, Katarzyna Bialkowska, Amie M. Blanco, Carl Blomqvist, William Blot, Natalia V. Bogdanova, Stig E Bojesen, Manjeet K. Bolla, Bernardo Bonanni, Ake Borg, Kristin Bosse, Hiltrud Brauch, Hermann Brenner, Ignacio Briceno, Ian W. Brock, Angela Brooks-Wilson, Thomas Brüning, Barbara Burwinkel, Saundra S. Buys, Qiuyin Cai, Trinidad Caldés, Maria A. Caligo, Nicola J. Camp, Ian Campbell, Federico Canzian, Jason S Carroll, Brian D. Carter, Jose E. Castelao, Jocelyne Chiquette, Hans Christiansen, Wendy K. Chung, Kathleen B.M. Claes, Christine L. Clarke, GEMO Study Collaborators, EMBRACE Collaborators, J. Margriet Collée, Sten Cornelissen, Fergus J. Couch, Angela Cox, Simon S. Cross, Cezary Cybulski, Kamila Czene, Mary B. Daly, Miguel de la Hoya, Peter Devilee, Orland Diez, Yuan Chun Ding, Gillian S. Dite, Susan M. Domchek, Thilo Dörk, Isabel dos-Santos-Silva, Arnaud Droit, Stéphane Dubois, Martine Dumont, Mercedes Duran, Lorraine Durcan, Miriam Dwek, Diana M Eccles, Christoph Engel, Mikael Eriksson, D. Gareth R Evans, Peter A. Fasching, Olivia Fletcher, Giuseppe Floris, Henrik Flyger, Lenka Foretova, William D Foulkes, Eitan Friedman, Lin Fritschi, Debra Frost, Marike Gabrielson, Manuela Gago-Dominguez, Gaetana Gambino, Patricia A. Ganz, Susan M. Gapstur, Judy Garber, José A. García-Sáenz, Mia M. Gaudet, Vassilios Georgoulias, Graham G Giles, Gord Glendon, Andrew K. Godwin, Mark S. Goldberg, David E. Goldgar, Anna González-Neira, Mark H. Greene, Mervi Grip, Jacek Gronwald, Anne Grundy, Pascal Guénel, Eric Hahnen, Christopher A. Haiman, Niclas Håkansson, Per Hall, Ute Hamann, Patricia A. Harrington, Jaana M. Hartikainen, Mikael Hartman, Wei A He, Catherine S. Healey, Bernadette A.M. Heemskerk-Gerritsen, Jane Heyworth, Peter Hillemanns, Frans B.L. Hogervorst, Antoinette Hollestelle, Maartje J. Hooning, John L Hopper, Anthony Howell, Guanmengqian Huang, Peter J. Hulick, Evgeny N. Imyanitov, ABCTB Investigators, KConFab Investigators, HEBON Investigators, Claudine Isaacs, Motoki Iwasaki, Agnes Jager, Milena Jakimovska, Anna Jakubowska, Paul James, Ramunas Janavicius, Rachel C. Jankowitz, Esther M. John, Nichola Johnson, Michael E. Jones, Arja Jukkola-Vuorinen, Audrey Jung, Rudolf Kaaks, Daehee Kang, Beth Y Karlan, Renske Keeman, Michael J. Kerin, Elza Khusnutdinova, Johanna I. Kiiski, Judy Kirk, Cari M. Kitahara, Yon-Dschun Ko, Irene Konstantopoulou, Veli-Matti Kosma, Stella Koutros, Katerina Kubelka-Sabit, Ava Kwong, Kyriacos Kyriacou, Yael Laitman, Diether Lambrechts, Eunjung Lee, Goska Leslie, Jenny Lester, Fabienne Lesueur, Annika Lindblom, Wing-Yee Lo, Jirong Long, Artitaya Lophatananon, Jennifer T. Loud, Jan Lubinski, Robert J. MacInnis, Tom Maishman, Enes Makalic, Arto Mannermaa, Mehdi Manoochehri, Siranoush Manoukian, Sara Margolin, Maria Elena Martinez, Keitaro Matsuo, Tabea Maurer, Dimitrios Mavroudis, Rebecca Mayes, Lesley McGuffog, Catriona McLean, Noura Mebirouk, Alfons Meindl, Pooja Middha, Nicola Miller, Austin Miller, Marco Montagna, Fernando Moreno, Anna Marie Mulligan, Victor M. Muñoz-Garzon, Taru A. Muranen, Steven A. Narod, Rami Nassir, Katherine L Nathanson, Susan L. Neuhausen, Heli Nevanlinna, Patrick Neven, Finn C. Nielsen, Liene Nikitina-Zake, Aaron Norman, Kenneth Offit, Edith Olah, Olufunmilayo I. Olopade, Håkan Olsson, Nick Orr, Ana Osorio, V. Shane Pankratz, Janos Papp, Sue K Park, Tjoung-Won Park-Simon, Michael T. Parsons, James Paul, Inge Sokilde Pedersen, Bernard Peissel, Beth Peshkin, Paolo Peterlongo, Julian Peto, Dijana Plaseska-Karanfilska, Karolina Prajzendanz, Ross Prentice, Nadege Presneau, Darya Prokofyeva, Miquel Angel Pujana, Katri Pylkäs, Paolo Radice, Susan J. Ramus, Johanna Rantala, Rohini Rau-Murthy, Gad Rennert, Harvey A. Risch, Mark Robson, Atocha Romero, Caroline Maria Rossing, Emmanouil Saloustros, Estela Sánchez-Herrero, Dale P Sandler, Marta Santamariña, Christobel Saunders, Elinor J. Sawyer, Maren T. Scheuner, Daniel F Schmidt, Rita K. Schmutzler, Andreas Schneeweiss, Minouk J. Schoemaker, Ben Schoettker, Peter Schürmann, Christopher Scott, Rodney J Scott, Leigha Senter, Caroline MD Seynaeve, Mitul Shah, Priyanka Sharma, Chen-Yang Shen, Xiao-Ou Shu, Christian F. Singer, Thomas P. Slavin, Snezhana Smichkoska, Melissa C Southey, John J. Spinelli, Amanda B Spurdle, Jennifer Stone, Dominique Stoppa-Lyonnet, Christian Sutter, Anthony J. Swerdlow, Rulla M. Tamimi, Yen Yen Tan, William J. Tapper, Jack A Taylor, Marta Cardoso, Maria Tengström, Soo H. Teo, Mary Beth Terry, Alex Teulé, Mads Thomassen, Darcy L. Thull, Maria Grazia Tibiletti, Marc Tischkowitz, Amanda E. Toland, Rob A.E.M. Tollenaar, Ian Tomlinson, Diana Torres, Gabriela Torres-Mejía, Melissa A. Troester, Nadine Tung, Maria Tzardi, Hans-Ulrich Ulmer, Celine M. Vachon, Christi J. van Asperen, Lizet E. van der Kolk, Elizabeth J. van Rensburg, Ana Vega, Alessandra Viel, Joseph Vijai, Maatje J. Vogel, Qin Wang, Barbara Wappenschmidt, Clarice R. Weinberg, Jeffrey N. Weitzel, Camilla Wendt, Hans Wildiers, Robert Winqvist, Alicja Wolk, Anna H. Wu, Drakoulis Yannoukakos, Yan Zhang, Wei Zheng, Paul Pharoah, Jenny Chang-Claude, Montserrat Garcia-Closas, Marjanka K. Schmidt, Roger L. Milne, Vessela N Kristensen, Juliet D. French, Stacey L. Edwards, Antonis C. Antoniou, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Jacques Simard, Douglas F. Easton, Peter Kraft, Alison M Dunning

Posted 15 Jan 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/521054 (published DOI: 10.1038/s41588-019-0537-1)

Genome-wide association studies have identified breast cancer risk variants in over 150 genomic regions, but the mechanisms underlying risk remain largely unknown. These regions were explored by combining association analysis with in silico genomic feature annotations. We defined 205 independent risk-associated signals with the set of credible causal variants (CCVs) in each one. In parallel, we used a Bayesian approach (PAINTOR) that combines genetic association, linkage disequilibrium, and enriched genomic features to determine variants with high posterior probabilities (HPPs) of being causal. Potentially causal variants were significantly over-represented in active gene regulatory regions and transcription factor binding sites. We applied our INQUSIT pipeline for prioritizing genes as targets of potentially causal variants, using gene expression (eQTL), chromatin interaction and functional annotations. Known cancer drivers, transcription factors and genes in the developmental, apoptosis, immune system and DNA integrity checkpoint gene ontology pathways, were over-represented among the 178 highest confidence target genes.

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