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Geometric control of frequency modulation of cAMP oscillations due to Ca2+-bursts in dendritic spines

By Donya Ohadi, Padmini Rangamani

Posted 15 Jan 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/520643

The spatiotemporal regulation of cAMP and its dynamic interactions with other second messengers such as calcium are critical features of signaling specificity required for neuronal development and connectivity. cAMP is known to contribute to long-term potentiation and memory formation by controlling the formation and regulation of dendritic spines. Despite the recent advances in biosensing techniques for monitoring spatiotemporal cAMP dynamics, the underlying molecular mechanisms that attribute to the subcellular modulation of cAMP remain unknown. In the present work, we model the spatio-temporal dynamics of calcium-induced cAMP signaling pathway in dendritic spines. Using a 3D reaction-diffusion model, we investigate the effect of different spatial characteristics of cAMP dynamics that may be responsible for subcellular regulation of cAMP concentrations. Our model predicts that the volume-to-surface ratio of the spine, regulated through the spine head size, spine neck size, and the presence of physical barriers (spine apparatus) is an important regulator of cAMP dynamics. Furthermore, localization of the enzymes responsible for the synthesis and degradation of cAMP in different compartments also modulates the oscillatory patterns of cAMP through exponential relationships. Our findings shed light on the significance of complex geometric and localization relationships for cAMP dynamics in dendritic spines.

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