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To date, only two replicated loci, LPA and PALMD, have been identified as causal genes for calcific aortic valve stenosis (CAVS) using genome-wide and transcriptome-wide association study (TWAS). To identify additional susceptibility genes for CAVS, we performed a GWAS meta-analysis totaling 5,115 cases and 354,072 controls of European descent. Four loci achieved genome-wide significance, including two new loci: IL6 (interleukin 6) on 7p15.3 and ALPL (alkaline phosphatase) on 1p36.12. A TWAS integrating an eQTL study of 233 human aortic valves identified NAV1 (neuron navigator 1) on 1q32.1 as a new candidate causal gene. The CAVS risk alleles were associated with higher mRNA expression of NAV1 in valve tissues. Association results at the genome-wide scale showed genetic correlation with coronary artery disease and cardiovascular risk factors. Our study highlights three new loci implicating inflammation, mineralization and blood vessel integrity in CAVS pathogenesis and supports shared genetic etiology with cardiovascular traits.

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