Large-scale cohorts with combined genetic and phenotypic data, coupled with methodological advances, have produced increasingly accurate genetic predictors of complex human phenotypes called polygenic risk scores (PRS). In addition to the potential translational impacts of identifying at-risk individuals, PRS are being utilized for a growing list of scientific applications including causal inference, identifying pleiotropy and genetic correlation, and powerful gene-based and mixed model association tests. Existing PRS approaches rely on external large-scale genetic cohorts that have also measured the phenotype of interest. They further require matching on ancestry and genotyping platform or imputation quality. In this work we present a novel reference-free method to produce PRS that does not rely on an external cohort. We show that naive implementations of reference-free PRS either result in substantial over-fitting or prohibitive increases in computational time. We show that our algorithm avoids both of these issues, and can produce informative in-sample PRS over any existing cohort without over-fitting. We then demonstrate several novel applications of reference-free PRS including detection of pleiotropy across 246 metabolic traits and efficient mixed-model association testing.
- Downloaded 1,088 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 19,288
- In genetics: 928
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 35,248
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 27,532
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!