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Depression and Anxiety in Healthcare Staffs in A Tertiary University Hospital in Luoyang, Henan Province: A Cross-Sectional Observational Study

By Hao Wang, Xiaochun Qing, Li Li, Lijun Zhang, Jing Ruan, Xiaohua Niu, Xiaotian Liu, Ruge Wu, Jiangbo Li, Keke Fan, Xuewei Chang, Mingming Zhang, Lixia Li, Zhuo Zhang, Shouyan Zhang

Posted 09 Jan 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/516153

Objective: Mental health condition of medical professionals in China is under-recognized. The current study aimed to determine the prevalence of depression and anxiety among healthcare professionals and explore the potential influence factors. Method: The study employed a cross-sectional design. All employees were surveyed in the first week of September 2017. General information included gender, age, workload, workplace violence, sleep quality and so on. Depression and anxiety were evaluated using PHQ-9 and GAD-7, respectively. SPSS 22.0 was used for data analysis. Logistic regression was conducted to explore risk factors contributed to metal health. Results: A total of 1,950 questionnaires were delivered, and 1,864 were returned with a response rate of 95.6%. The prevalence of depression and anxiety were 24.1% and 28.9%. As for workload, the average number of beds in charge per month is 65.97±95.58 beds, among which internal medicine department and surgical department endure more workloads. Though workers in ER and ICU manage fewer beds, they bear the longest nonstop working length in the previous month (19.18±10.82 h). There were 78.0% had suffered WPV in the preceding year. Staffs in ER and ICU are at higher risk to physical violence, especially doctors. Regarding to sleep quality, only 9.2% participants reported that they sleep well. Logistic regression indicated that workplace violence and sleep quality were independent risk factors for both anxiety and depression. Conclusion: The current study revealed the devastating conditions of mental disorders in medical workers and associated factors. Effective interventions are necessary to improve this situation.

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