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Calorie restriction intervention induces enterotype-associated BMI loss in nonobese individuals

By Hua Zou, Dan Wang, Huahui Ren, Peishan Chen, Chao Fang, Zhun Shi, Pengfan Zhang, Jian Wang, Huanming Yang, Kaiye Cai, Huanzi Zhong

Posted 09 Jan 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/514596 (published DOI: 10.3390/nu12030631)

Calorie restriction (CR), which has the potential effect to weight loss and blood amino acids, has been demonstrated to associate with gut microbiota in human, especially in obese individuals. However, studies for simultaneously evaluating enterotype-dependent impacts of CR on the gut microbiota and blood amino acids in nonobese individuals are still limited. Here, 41 nonobese individuals received a 3-week CR diet with approximately 50% fewer calories than normal diet. We measured their BMI and blood amino acid concentration, along with the gut microbiota before and after the intervention. In this trial, 28 Enterotype Bacteroides (ETB) subjects and 13 Enterotype Prevotella (ETP) subjects were identified before the intervention. Short-term CR dietary intervention decreased the body mass index (BMI) in most subjects but varied in subjects with different enterotypes. ETP subjects exhibited significantly higher BMI loss ratio than the ETB subjects. CR additionally induced substantial enterotype-independent changes in blood amino acids, but only minor changes in gut microbial composition. We further built a prediction model based on baseline relative abundances of 7 gut microbial species showing high performance in predicting CR-associated BMI loss ratio. Among them, the relative abundance of ETB-enriched Clostridium bolteae and C. ramosum were negatively correlated with BMI loss ratio while the relative abundance of Dorea longicatena which was slightly enriched in ETP subjects, was positively correlated with BMI loss ratio. Together, our work points out that the individual variation of BMI loss after CR could be partially correlated with different microbial composition and highlights the potential application for microbiome stratification in personalized nutrition intervention.

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