Rxivist combines preprints from bioRxiv with data from Twitter to help you find the papers being discussed in your field. Currently indexing 57,294 bioRxiv papers from 263,837 authors.
Reactive/proactive aggression specific cortical and subcortical alterations in children and adolescents with disruptive behavior
Leandra M Mulder,
Sanne de Bruijn,
Pieter J. Hoekstra,
Pascal M Aggensteiner,
Nathalie E Holz,
Melanie C Saam,
Ulrike ME Schulze,
Paramala J Santosh,
Josefina Castro Fornieles,
Maria J Penzol,
Julia E Werhahn,
Jeffrey C. Glennon,
Marcel P. Zwiers,
Jan K Buitelaar
Posted 08 Dec 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/490086
Posted 08 Dec 2018
Objective: Maladaptive aggression, as present in conduct disorder (CD) and, to a lesser extent, oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), has been associated with structural alterations in various brain regions, such as ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC), anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), amygdala, insula and ventral striatum. Although aggression can be subdivided into reactive and proactive subtypes, no neuroimaging studies have yet investigated if any structural brain alterations are associated with either of the subtypes specifically. Here we investigated this association in predefined regions of interest. Method: T1-weighted magnetic resonance images were acquired from 158 children and adolescents with aggressive behavior (ODD/CD) and 96 controls in a multi-centre study. Aggression subtypes were assessed by questionnaires. Cortical volume and subcortical volumes and shape were determined using Freesurfer and the FMRIB integrated registration and segmentation tool. Associations between volumes and continuous measures of aggression were established using multilevel linear mixed effects models. Results: In cases only proactive aggression was negatively associated with amygdala volume (b=-11.82, p=0.05), while reactive aggression was negatively associated with insula volume (b=-46.41, p=0.01). Classical group comparison showed that children and adolescents with aggressive behavior had smaller volumes than controls in (bilateral) ventral striatum (p=0.003), ACC (p=0.01), and vmPFC (p=0.003) with modest effect sizes. Conclusions: Aggression was associated with reduced volume in brain regions involved in decision making. Negative associations were found between reactive aggression and volumes in regions involved in threat responsivity and between proactive aggression and regions linked to empathy. This provides evidence for aggression subtype-specific alterations in brain structure.
- Downloaded 155 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 45,318 out of 57,294
- In neuroscience: 7,948 out of 10,055
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 31,300 out of 57,294
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 24,881 out of 57,294
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- Top preprints of 2018
- Paper search
- Author leaderboards
- Overall metrics
- The API
- Email newsletter
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!