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S-acylated Golga7b stabilises DHHC5 at the plasma membrane to regulate desmosome assembly and cell adhesion.

By Keith T Woodley, Mark Collins

Posted 06 Dec 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/481861 (published DOI: 10.15252/embr.201847472)

S-acylation is the only fully reversible lipid modification of proteins however little is known about how protein S-acyltransferases (PATs) that mediate it are regulated. DHHC5 is a plasma membrane-localised PAT with roles in synaptic plasticity, massive endocytosis and cancer cell growth/invasion. Here we demonstrate that stabilisation of DHHC5 at the plasma membrane requires binding to and palmitoylation of an accessory protein Golga7b. This interaction requires the palmitoylation of the C-terminus of DHHC5 which regulates the internalisation of DHHC5 from the plasma membrane. Proteomic analysis of DHHC5/Golga7b-associated protein complexes reveals an enrichment in adhesion proteins, particularly components of desmosomes. We show that Desmoglein-2 and Plakophilin-3 are substrates of DHHC5 and that DHHC5/Golga7b are required for localisation of Desmoglein-2 to the plasma membrane and desmosomal patterning. Loss of DHHC5/Golga7b causes functional impairments in cell adhesion suggesting these proteins have a wider role in cell adhesion beyond desmosome assembly. This work uncovers a novel mechanism of DHHC5 regulation by Golga7b and demonstrates a role for the DHHC5/Golga7b complex in the regulation of cell adhesion.

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