Cellular Dynamics and Genomic Identity of Centromeres in the Cereal Blast Fungus
A series of well-synchronized events mediated by kinetochore-microtubule interactions ensure faithful chromosome segregation in eukaryotes. Centromeres scaffold kinetochore assembly and are among the fastest evolving chromosomal loci in terms of the DNA sequence, length, and organization of intrinsic elements. Neither the centromere structure nor the kinetochore dynamics is well studied in plant pathogenic fungi. Here, we sought to understand the process of chromosome segregation in the rice blast fungus, Magnaporthe oryzae. High-resolution confocal imaging of GFP-tagged inner kinetochore proteins, CenpA and CenpC, revealed an unusual albeit transient declustering of centromeres just before anaphase separation in M. oryzae. Strikingly, the declustered centromeres positioned randomly at the spindle midzone without an apparent metaphase plate per se. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by deep sequencing, all seven centromeres were identified as CenpA-rich regions in the wild-type Guy11 strain of M. oryzae. The centromeres in M. oryzae are regional and span 57 to 109 kb transcriptionally poor regions. No centromere-specific DNA sequence motif or repetitive elements could be identified in these regions suggesting an epigenetic specification of centromere function in M. oryzae. Highly AT-rich and heavily methylated DNA sequences were the only common defining features of all the centromeres in rice blast fungus. PacBio genome assemblies and synteny analyses facilitated comparison of the centromere regions in distinct isolate(s) of rice blast, wheat blast, and in M. poae. Overall, this study identified unusual centromere dynamics and precisely mapped the centromere DNA sequences in the top model fungal pathogens that belong to the Magnaporthales and cause severe losses to global production of food crops and turf grasses.
- Downloaded 534 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 62,246
- In genetics: 2,682
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 130,555
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 142,878
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!