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Evaluation of S1PR1/pSTAT3 and S1PR2/FOXP1 Expression in Aggressive, Mature B Cell Lymphomas

By Mustafa Al-Kawaaz, Teresa Sanchez, Michael J Kluk

Posted 18 Nov 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/472449 (published DOI: 10.1007/s12308-019-00354-y)

Aggressive, mature B-cell lymphomas represent a heterogeneous group of diseases including Burkitt Lymphoma (BL), High Grade B Cell Lymphomas (HGBL) (eg, Double-Hit B cell lymphomas (HGBL-DH: HGBL with MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6 translocations)), HGBL, Not Otherwise Specified (HGBL, NOS) and Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma. The overlapping morphologic and immunohistochemical features of these lymphomas may pose diagnostic challenges in some cases, and a better understanding of potential diagnostic biomarkers and possible therapeutic targets is needed. Sphingosine 1 Phosphate Receptors (S1PR1-5) represent a family of G-protein coupled receptors that bind the sphingolipid (S1P) and influence migration and survival pathways in a variety of cell types, including lymphocytes. S1PRs are emerging as biomarkers in B cell biology and interaction between S1PR pathways and STAT3 or FOXP1 has been reported, especially in DLBCL. Our aim was to extend the understanding of the S1PR1, STAT3 and S1PR2, FOXP1 expression beyond DLBCL, into additional aggressive, mature B cell lymphomas such as BL, HGBL-DH and HGBL,NOS. Herein, we report that S1PR1 and S1PR2 showed different patterns of expression in mantle zones and follicle centers in reactive lymphoid tissue and, among the lymphomas in this study, Burkitt lymphomas showed a unique pattern of expression compared to HGBL and DLBCL. Additionally, we found that S1PR1 and S1PR2 expression was typically mutually exclusive and were expressed in a low proportion of cases (predominantly HGBL involving extranodal sites). Lastly, FOXP1 was expressed in a high proportion of the various case types and pSTAT3 was detected in a significant proportion of HGBL and DLBCL cases. Taken together, these findings provide further evidence that S1PR1, pSTAT3, S1PR2 and FOXP1 play a role in a subset of aggressive mature B cell lymphomas.

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