Tumors induce de novo steroid biosynthesis in T cells to evade immunity
Louise van der Weyden,
Nuno A. Fonseca,
Lia S Campos,
David J. Adams,
Jacqueline D. Shields,
Sarah A. Teichmann
Posted 16 Nov 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/471359
Posted 16 Nov 2018
Tumors subvert immune cell function to evade immune responses, yet the complex mechanisms driving immune evasion remain poorly understood. Here we show that tumors induce de novo steroidogenesis in T lymphocytes to evade anti-tumor immunity. Using a novel transgenic steroidogenesis-reporter mouse line we identify and characterize de novo steroidogenic immune cells. Genetic ablation of T cell steroidogenesis restricts primary tumor growth and metastatic dissemination in mouse models. Steroidogenic T cells dysregulate anti-tumor immunity, and inhibition of the steroidogenesis pathway was sufficient to restore anti-tumor immunity. This study demonstrates T cell de novo steroidogenesis as a mechanism of anti-tumor immunosuppression and a potential druggable target. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.
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