Genetic variants related to antihypertensive targets inform drug efficacy and side effects
Marios K. Georgakis,
Joshua C. Denny,
Posted 05 Nov 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/460543 (published DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.118.038814)
Posted 05 Nov 2018
Background: Drug effects can be investigated through natural variation in the genes for their protein targets. We aimed to use this approach to explore the potential side effects and repurposing potential of antihypertensive drugs, which are amongst the most commonly used medications worldwide. Methods: We identified genetic instruments for antihypertensive drug classes as variants in the gene for the corresponding target that associated with systolic blood pressure at genome-wide significance. To validate the instruments, we compared Mendelian randomisation (MR) estimates for drug effects on coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke risk to randomised controlled trial (RCT) results. Phenome-wide association study (PheWAS) in the UK Biobank was performed to identify potential side effects and repurposing opportunities, with findings investigated in the Vanderbilt University Biobank (BioVU) and in observational analysis of the UK Biobank. Findings: We identified suitable genetic instruments for beta-blockers (BBs) and calcium channel blockers (CCBs). MR estimates for their effect on CHD and stroke risk respectively were comparable to results from RCTs against placebo. PheWAS in the UK Biobank identified an association of the CCB genetic risk score (scaled to drug effect) with increased risk of diverticulosis (odds ratio [OR] 1.23, 95%CI 1.10-1.38), with a consistent estimate found in BioVU (OR 1.16, 95%CI 0.94-1.44). Association with diverticulosis was further supported in observational analysis of CCB use in the UK Biobank (OR 1.08, 95%CI 1.02-1.15). Interpretation: We identified valid genetic instruments for BBs and CCBs. Using genetic and observational approaches, we highlighted a previously unreported potential detrimental effect of CCBs on risk of diverticulosis. This work serves as a proof of concept that investigation of genetic variants can offer a complementary approach to exploring the efficacy and side effects of anti-hypertensive medications.
- Downloaded 596 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 26,738 out of 94,912
- In genetics: 1,634 out of 4,824
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 58,361 out of 94,912
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 72,531 out of 94,912
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!