Chimpanzee SIV Envelope trimer: structure and deployment as an HIV vaccine template
Natalia de Val,
Ian A. Wilson,
Beatrice H. Hahn,
Barton F Haynes,
Andrew B. Ward,
Dennis R. Burton
Posted 01 Nov 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/459164 (published DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2019.04.082)
Posted 01 Nov 2018
Epitope-targeted HIV vaccine design seeks to focus antibody responses to broadly neutralizing antibody (bnAb) sites by sequential immunization. Chimpanzee SIV Envelope (Env) shares a single bnAb site, the V2-apex, with HIV, suggesting its possible utility in an HIV immunization strategy. Accordingly, we generated a chimpanzee SIV Env trimer, MT145K, which displays selective binding to HIV V2-apex bnAbs and precursor versions, but no binding to other HIV specificities. We determined the structure of the MT145K trimer by cryo-EM and showed its architecture was remarkably similar to HIV Env. Immunization of an HIV V2-apex bnAb precursor Ab-expressing knock-in mouse with chimpanzee MT145K trimer induced HIV V2-specific neutralizing responses. Subsequent boosting with an HIV trimer cocktail induced responses exhibiting some virus cross-neutralization. Overall, the chimpanzee MT145K trimer behaves as expected from design both in vitro and in vivo and is an attractive potential component of a sequential immunization regimen to induce V2-apex bnAbs.
- Downloaded 522 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 47,109
- In immunology: 1,275
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 118,599
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: None
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!