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CTCF looping is established during gastrulation in medaka embryos

By Ryohei Nakamura, Yuichi Motai, Masahiko Kumagai, Haruyo Nishiyama, Neva C. Durand, Kaori Kondo, Takashi Kondo, Tatsuya Tsukahara, Atsuko Shimada, Erez Lieberman Aiden, Shinichi Morishita, Hiroyuki Takeda

Posted 26 Oct 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/454082

Genome architecture plays a critical role in gene regulation, but how the structures seen in mature cells emerge during embryonic development remains poorly understood. Here, we study early development in medaka (the Japanese killifish, Oryzias latipes) at 12 time points before, during, and after gastrulation which is the most dramatic event in early embryogenesis, and characterize transcription, protein binding, and genome architecture. We find that gastrulation is most associated with drastic changes in genome architecture, including the formation of the first loops between sites bound by the insulator protein CTCF and great increase in the size of contact domains. However, the position of CTCF is fixed throughout medaka embryogenesis. Interestingly, genome-wide transcription precedes the emergence of mature domains and CTCF-CTCF loops.

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