Targeted memory reactivation during sleep elicits neural signals related to learning content
Reactivation of learning-related neural activity patterns is thought to drive memory stabilization. However, finding reliable, non-invasive, content-specific indicators of reactivation remains a central challenge. Here, we attempted to decode the content of reactivated memories in the electroencephalogram (EEG) during sleep. During encoding, human participants learned to associate spatial locations of visual objects with left- or right-hand movements, and each object was accompanied by an inherently related sound. During subsequent slow-wave sleep within an afternoon nap, we presented half of the sound cues that were associated (during wake) with left- and right-hand movements before bringing participants back for a final post-nap test. We trained a classifier on sleep EEG data (focusing on lateralized EEG features that discriminated left- vs. right-sided trials during wake) to predict learning content when we reactivated the memories during sleep. Discrimination performance was significantly above chance and predicted subsequent memory, supporting the idea that reactivation leads to memory stabilization. Moreover, these lateralized signals increased with post-cue spindle power, demonstrating that reactivation has a strong relationship with spindles. These results show that lateralized activity related to individual memories can be decoded from sleep EEG, providing an effective indicator of offline reactivation.
- Downloaded 622 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 50,742
- In neuroscience: 7,138
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 146,870
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 123,503
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!