Potent anti-influenza H7 human monoclonal antibody induces separation of hemagglutinin receptor binding head domains
Hannah L Turner,
Cristopher A. Cottrell,
Charles A. Bowman,
James E. Crowe,
Ian A. Wilson,
Posted 05 Oct 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/436642 (published DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.3000139)
Posted 05 Oct 2018
Seasonal influenza virus infections can cause significant morbidity and mortality, but the threat from emergence of a new pandemic influenza strain might have potentially even more devastating consequences. As such, there is intense interest in isolating and characterizing potent neutralizing antibodies that target the hemagglutinin (HA) viral surface glycoprotein. Here, we use cryo-electron microscopy to decipher the mechanism of action of a potent HA head-directed monoclonal antibody bound to an influenza H7 HA. The epitope of the antibody is not solvent accessible in the compact, pre-fusion conformation that typifies all HA structures to date. Instead, the antibody binds between HA head protomers to an epitope that must be partly or transiently exposed in the pre-fusion conformation. The "breathing" of the HA protomers is implied by the exposure of this epitope, which is consistent with metastability of class I fusion proteins. This structure likely therefore represents an early structural intermediate in the viral fusion process. Understanding the extent of transient exposure of conserved neutralizing epitopes also may lead to new opportunities to combat influenza that have not been appreciated previously.
- Downloaded 453 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 67,072
- In immunology: 1,988
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 148,080
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 141,187
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!