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dream: Powerful differential expression analysis for repeated measures designs

By Gabriel E. Hoffman, Panos Roussos

Posted 03 Oct 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/432567 (published DOI: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btaa687)

Large-scale transcriptome studies with multiple samples per individual are widely used to study disease biology. Yet current methods for differential expression are inadequate for cross-individual testing for these repeated measures designs. Most problematic, we observe across multiple datasets that current methods can give reproducible false positive findings that are driven by genetic regulation of gene expression, yet are unrelated to the trait of interest. Here we introduce a statistical software package, dream, that increases power, controls the false positive rate, enables multiple types of hypothesis tests, and integrates with standard workflows. In 12 analyses in 6 independent datasets, dream yields biological insight not found with existing software while addressing the issue of reproducible false positive findings. Dream is available within the variancePartition Bioconductor package (<http://bioconductor.org/packages/variancePartition>).

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