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Microtubules are filamentous structures necessary for cell division, motility and morphology, with dynamics critically regulated by microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs). We outline the molecular mechanism by which the MAP, COMPANION OF CELLULOSE SYNTHASE1 (CC1), controls microtubule bundling and dynamics to sustain plant growth under salt stress. CC1 contains an intrinsically disordered N-terminus that links microtubules at evenly distributed distances through four conserved hydrophobic regions. NMR analyses revealed that two neighboring residues in the first hydrophobic binding motif are crucial for the microtubule interaction, which we confirmed through live cell analyses. The microtubule-binding mechanism of CC1 is remarkably similar to that of the prominent neuropathology-related protein Tau, indicating evolutionary convergence of MAP functions across animal and plant cells.

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