Epigenetic signatures of starting and stopping smoking
Daniel L McCartney,
Anna J Stevenson,
Robert Francis Hillary,
Mairead L. Bermingham,
Stewart W Morris,
Alison D Murray,
Heather C Whalley,
David J Porteous,
Peter M Visscher,
Andrew M McIntosh,
Kathryn L Evans,
Ian J Deary,
Riccardo E Marioni
Posted 28 Aug 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/402453 (published DOI: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2018.10.051)
Posted 28 Aug 2018
Background: Multiple studies have made robust associations between differential DNA methylation and exposure to cigarette smoke. But whether a DNA methylation phenotype is established immediately upon exposure, or only after prolonged exposure is less well-established. Here, we assess DNA methylation patterns in current smokers in response to dose and duration of exposure, along with the effects of smoking cessation on DNA methylation in former smokers. Methods: Dimensionality reduction was applied to DNA methylation data at 90 previously identified smoking-associated CpG sites for over 4,900 individuals in the Generation Scotland cohort. K-means clustering was performed to identify clusters associated with current and never smoker status based on these methylation patterns. Cluster assignments were assessed with respect to duration of exposure in current smokers (years as a smoker), time since smoking cessation in former smokers (years), and dose (cigarettes per day). Results: Two clusters were specified, corresponding to never smokers (97.5% of whom were assigned to Cluster 1) and current smokers (81.1% of whom were assigned to Cluster 2). The exposure time point from which >50% of current smokers were assigned to the smoker-enriched cluster varied between 5-9 years in heavier smokers and between 15-19 years in lighter smokers. Low-dose former smokers were more likely to be assigned to the never smoker-enriched cluster from the first year following cessation. In contrast, a period of at least two years was required before the majority of former high-dose smokers were assigned to the never smoker-enriched cluster. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that smoking-associated DNA methylation changes are a result of prolonged exposure to cigarette smoke, and can be reversed following cessation. The length of time in which these signatures are established and recovered is dose dependent. Should DNA methylation-based signatures of smoking status be predictive of smoking-related health outcomes, our findings may provide an additional criterion on which to stratify risk.
- Downloaded 286 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 83,523
- In genomics: 5,397
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 113,684
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 76,839
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!