Architecture of human interphase chromosome determines the spatiotemporal dynamics of chromatin loci
By incorporating the information of human chromosome inferred from Hi-C experiments into a heteropolymer model of chromatin chain, we generate a conformational ensemble to investigate its spatiotemporal dynamics. The heterogeneous loci interactions result in hierarchical organization of chromatin chain, which obeys compact space-filling (SF) statistics at intermediate length scale. Remarkably, the higher order architecture of the chromatin, characterized by the single universal Flory exponent (ν=1/3) for condensed homopolymers, provides quantitative account of the dynamical properties of the chromosome. The local chromosome structures, exemplified by topologically associated domains (~ 0.1-1 Mb), display dynamics with fast relaxation time (≤ 50 sec), whereas the long-range spatial reorganization of the entire chromatin (≥ O(102) Mb) occurs on a much longer time scale (≥ hour), suggestive of glass-like behavior. This key finding provides the dynamic basis of cell-to-cell variability. Active forces, modeled using stronger isotropic white noises, accelerate the relaxation dynamics of chromatin domain described by the low frequency modes. Surprisingly, they do not significantly change the local scale dynamics from those under passive condition. By linking the spatiotemporal dynamics of chromosome with its organization, our study highlights the importance of physical constraints in chromosome architecture on the sluggish dynamics.
- Downloaded 738 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 36,822
- In biophysics: 1,151
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 144,295
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 146,802
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!