Structure of the mouse TRPC4 ion channel
David E. Clapham,
Posted 15 Mar 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/282715 (published DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-05247-9)
Posted 15 Mar 2018
Members of the transient receptor potential (TRP) ion channels conduct cations into cells. They mediate functions ranging from neuronally-mediated hot and cold sensation to intracellular organellar and primary ciliary signaling. Structures belonging to the TRPV, TRPM, TRPP, TRPA and TRPML subfamilies have been solved, but to date, none of the founding canonical (TRPC) structures. Here we report an electron cryo-microscopy (cryo-EM) structure of TRPC4 in its apo state to an overall resolution of 3.3 Angstrom. The structure reveals an unusually complex architecture with a long pore loop stabilized by a disulfide bond. Beyond the shared tetrameric six-transmembrane fold, the TRPC4 structure deviates from other TRP channels with a unique cytosolic domain, this unique cytosolic N-terminal domain forms extensive aromatic contacts with the TRP and the C-terminal domains. The comparison of our structure with other known TRP structures provides molecular insights into TRPC4 ion selectivity and extends our knowledge of the diversity and evolution of the TRP channels.
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