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Palantir characterizes cell fate continuities in human hematopoiesis

By Manu Setty, Vaidotas Kiseliovas, Jacob Levine, Adam Gayoso, Linas Mazutis, Dana Pe’er

Posted 05 Aug 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/385328 (published DOI: 10.1038/s41587-019-0068-4)

Recent studies using single cell RNA-seq (scRNA-seq) data derived from differentiating systems have raised fundamental questions regarding the discrete vs continuous nature of both differentiation and cell fate. Here we present Palantir, an algorithm that models trajectories of differentiating cells, which treats cell-fate as a probabilistic process, and leverages entropy to measure the changing nature of cell plasticity along the differentiation trajectory. Palantir generates a high resolution pseudotime ordering of cells, and assigns each cell state with its probability to differentiate into each terminal state. We apply Palantir to human bone marrow scRNA-seq data and detect key landmarks of hematopoietic differentiation. Palantir's resolution enables identification of key transcription factors driving lineage fate choices, as these TFs closely track when cells lose plasticity. We demonstrate that Palantir is generalizable to diverse tissue types and well-suited to resolve less studied differentiating systems.

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