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Time-resolved Interaction Proteomics of the Putative Scaffold Protein GIGANTEA in Arabidopsis thaliana

By Krahmer Johanna, Greg Goralogia, Akane Kubota, Richard S. Johnson, Young Hun Song, Michael J. MacCoss, Thierry LeBihan, Karen Halliday, Takato Imaizumi, Andrew J Millar

Posted 28 Aug 2017
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/162271 (published DOI: 10.1002/1873-3468.13311)

The large, plant-specific protein GIGANTEA (GI) is involved in many physiological processes, mediating rhythmic, post-translational regulation in part through circadian and light regulation of GI RNA expression. GI binds several proteins implicated in the circadian clock, the control of photoperiodic flowering, and abiotic stress responses, and has co-chaperone activity. By extension, further interaction partners might mediate the less well-understood roles of GI but the number and rhythmicity of these interactors is unknown. Here, we seek potential interactors in a time-specific manner, using quantitative proteomics from a time series study of transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana plants constitutively expressing an epitope-tagged GI protein. Previously-identified, direct and indirect interactors of GI were detected but no further F-box proteins related to known GI partners ZTL/FKF1/LKP2. The predominantly non-rhythmic, interacting proteins were implicated in protein folding or degradation, metabolism and chromatin modification, including a small set of partners shared with other clock-related proteins. A transcription factor homologue that we name CYCLING DOF FACTOR 6 (CDF6) was shown to interact both with GI and the ZTL/FKF1/LKP2 proteins and to control photoperiodic flowering. Our results indicate the biochemical pathways, beyond circadian and flowering regulation, that might be affected by rhythmic, post-translational control by GI.

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