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A Comprehensive Tool Set for Inducible, Cell Type-Specific Gene Expression in Arabidopsis

By Ann-Kathrin Sch├╝rholz, Vadir Lopez-Salmeron, Zhenni Li, Joachim Forner, Christian Wenzl, Christophe Gaillochet, Sebastian Augustin, Amaya Vilches Barro, Michael Fuchs, Michael Gebert, Joop EM Vermeer, Jan U. Lohmann, Thomas Greb, Sebastian Wolf

Posted 04 Jan 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/242347

Understanding the context-specific role of gene function is a key objective of modern biology. To this end, we generated a resource for inducible cell-type specific trans-activation based on the well-established combination of the chimeric GR-LhG4 transcription factor and the synthetic pOp promoter. Harnessing the flexibility of the GreenGate cloning system, we produced a comprehensive set of GR-LhG4 driver lines targeting most tissues in the Arabidopsis shoot and root with a strong focus on the indeterminate meristems. We show that, when combined with effectors under control of the pOp promoter, tight temporal and spatial control of gene expression is achieved. In particular, inducible expression in F1 plants obtained from crosses of driver and effector lines allows rapid assessment of the cell type-specific impact of an effector with high temporal resolution. Thus, our comprehensive and flexible toolbox is suited to overcome the limitations of ubiquitous genetic approaches, the outputs of which are often difficult to interpret due to widespread existence of compensatory mechanisms and the integration of diverging effects in different cell types.

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