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SlARF10, an auxin response factor, is required for chlorophyll and sugar accumulation during tomato fruit development

By Lihua Mei, Yujin Yuan, Mengbo Wu, Zehao Gong, Qian Zhang, Fengqing Yang, Qiang Zhang, Yingqing Luo, Xin Xu, Wenfa Zhang, Mingjun Miao, Zhengguo Li, Wei Deng

Posted 24 Jan 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/253237

Tomato green fruits photosynthesis contributes to fruit growth and carbon economy. Tomato auxin response factor 10 (SlARF10) is one of the members of ARF family. Our results showed that SlARF10 locates in the nucleus and has no transcriptional activity. SlARF10 was expressed in various tomato tissues, but highly expressed in green fruit. Up-regulation of SlARF10 produced dark green phenotype of fruits, whereas down-regulation of SlARF10 had light green phenotype. Autofluorescence and chlorophyll content analysis confirmed the phenotypes, which indicated that SlARF10 plays an important role in chlorophyll accumulation in tomato fruits. Up-regulation of SlARF10 increased the photochemical potential in tomato leaves and fruits. Furthermore, the SlARF10 up-regulating lines displayed improved accumulation of starch in fruits, whereas SlARF10 suppressed lines had inhibited starch accumulation. Up-regulation of SlARF10 increased the expression of AGPases, the starch biosynthesis genes. SlARF10 up-regulating lines had increased accumulation of SlGLK1 and SlGLK2 transcripts in fruits. The promoter sequence of SlGLK1 gene had two conserved ARF binding sites. SlARF10 may regulate the expression of SlGLK1, thus controlling chlorophyll accumulation, photosynthesis rates and sugars synthesis in fruits. Our study provided more insight on the link between auxin signaling, chloroplastic activity and sugar metabolism during the development of tomato fruits.

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