Early urinary candidate biomarker discovery in a rat thioacetamide-induced liver fibrosis model
Biomarker is the change associated with the disease. Blood is relatively stable because of the homeostatic mechanisms of the body. However, urine accumulates changes of the body, which makes it a better early biomarker source. Liver fibrosis, which results from the deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) components, is a reversible pathological condition, whereas cirrhosis, the end-stage of liver fibrosis, is irreversible. Consequently, noninvasive early biomarkers for fibrosis are desperately needed. In this study, differential urinary proteins were identified in the thioacetamide (TAA) liver fibrosis rat model using tandem mass tagging and two-dimensional liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (2DLC-MS/MS). A total of 766 urinary proteins were identified, 143 and 118 of which were significantly changed in the TAA 1-week and 3-week groups, respectively. Multiple reaction monitoring (MRM)-targeted proteomics was used to further validate the abundant differentially expressed proteins in the TAA 1-week, 3-week, 6-week and 8-week groups. A total of 40 urinary proteins were statistically significant (fold change >2 and p<0.05), 15 of which had been previously reported as biomarkers of liver fibrosis, cirrhosis or other related diseases and 10 of which had been reported to be associated with the pathology and mechanism of liver fibrosis. These differential proteins were detected in urine before the alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) changes in the serum and before fibrosis was observed upon hematoxylin and eosin (HE) and Masson staining.
- Downloaded 570 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 56,703
- In molecular biology: 1,606
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 92,123
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 53,242
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!