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Loss of SDHB reprograms energy metabolisms and inhibits high fat diet induced metabolic syndromes

By Chenglong Mu, Biao Ma, Chuanmei Zhang, Guangfeng Geng, Xinling Zhang, Linbo Chen, Meng Wang, Jie Li, Tian Zhao, Hongcheng Cheng, Qianping Zhang, Kaili Ma, Qian Luo, Rui Chang, Qiangqiang Liu, Hao Wu, Lei Liu, Xiaohui Wang, Jun Wang, Yong Zhang, Yungang Zhao, Li Wen, Quan Chen, Yushan Zhu

Posted 03 Feb 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/259226

Mitochondrial respiratory complex II utilizes succinate, key substrate of the Krebs cycle, for oxidative phosphorylation, which is essential for glucose metabolism. Mutations of complex II cause cancers and mitochondrial diseases, raising a critical question of the (patho-)physiological functions. To address the fundamental role of complex II in systemic energy metabolism, we specifically knockout SDHB in mice liver, a key complex II subunit that tethers the catalytic SDHA subunit and transfers the electrons to ubiquinone, and found that SHDB deficiency abolishes the assembly of complex II without affecting other respiration complexes while largely retaining SDHA stability. SHDB ablation reprograms energy metabolism and hyperactivates the glycolysis, Krebs cycle and β-oxidation pathways, leading to catastrophic energy deficit and early death. Strikingly, sucrose supplementation or high fat diet resumes both glucose and lipid metabolism and prevent early death. Also, SDHB deficient mice are completely resistant to high fat diet induced obesity. Our findings reveal that the unanticipated role of complex II orchestrating both lipid and glucose metabolisms, and suggest that SDHB is an ideal therapeutic target for combating obesity.

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