TCF7L2 Regulation of GATA6-dependent and -Independent Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Plasticity and Intimal Hyperplasia
Kathleen A. Martin,
Posted 22 Aug 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/397851
Posted 22 Aug 2018
Genetic variations in Wnt-coreceptor LRP6 and Wnt-regulated transcription factor TCF7L2 have been among the strongest genetic signals for type2 diabetes (T2DM) and coronary artery disease (CAD). Mice with a CAD-linked LRP6 mutation exhibit obstructive coronary artery disease characterized by reduced TCF7L2 expression and dedifferentiation of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC). While TCF7L2 maintains stemness and promotes proliferation in embryonic tissues and adult stem cells, its role and mechanisms of action in VSMC differentiation is not understood. Using multiple mouse models, we demonstrate here that TCF7L2 promotes differentiation and inhibits proliferation of VSMCs. TCF7L2 accomplishes these effects by stabilization of GATA6 and upregulation of SM-MHC and cell cycle inhibitors. Accordingly, TCF7L2 haploinsufficient mice exhibited increased susceptibility to, while mice overexpressing TCF7L2 were protected against injury-induced intimal hyperplasia compared to wildtype littermates. Consequently, the overexpression of TCF7L2 in LRP6 mutant mice rescued the injury induced intimal hyperplasia. These novel findings imply cell type-specific functional role of TCF7L2 and provide critical insight into poorly understood mechanisms underlying pathogenesis of intimal hyperplasia.
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