An introduced crop plant is driving diversification of the virulent bacterial pathogen Erwinia tracheiphila
Lori R. Shapiro,
Joseph N. Paulson,
Brian J Arnold,
Erin D Scully,
Posted 12 Jun 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/345009 (published DOI: 10.1128/mbio.01307-18)
Posted 12 Jun 2018
Erwinia tracheiphila is the causal agent of bacterial wilt of cucurbits, an economically important phytopathogen affecting few cultivated Cucurbitaceae host plant species in temperate Eastern North America. However, essentially nothing is known about E. tracheiphila population structure or genetic diversity. To address this shortcoming, a representative collection of 88 E. tracheiphila isolates was gathered from throughout its geographic range, and their genomes were sequenced. Phylogenomic analysis revealed three genetic clusters with distinct hrpT3SS virulence gene repertoires, host plant association patterns, and geographic distributions. The low genetic variation within each cluster suggests a recent population bottleneck followed by population expansion. We showed that in the field and greenhouse, cucumber (Cucumis sativus), which was introduced to North America by early Spanish conquistadors, is the most susceptible host plant species, and the only species susceptible to isolates from all three lineages. The establishment of large agricultural populations of highly susceptible C. sativus in temperate Eastern North America may have facilitated the original emergence of E. tracheiphila into cucurbit agro-ecosystems, and this introduced plant species may now be acting as a highly susceptible reservoir host. Our findings have broad implications for agricultural sustainability by drawing attention to how worldwide crop plant movement, agricultural intensification and locally unique environments may affect the emergence, evolution, and epidemic persistence of virulent microbial pathogens.
- Downloaded 499 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 32,922 out of 93,264
- In evolutionary biology: 2,202 out of 5,645
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 55,495 out of 93,264
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 51,153 out of 93,264
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!